Water analysis: Reducing complexity!
Water contains both inorganic and organic substances in different amounts – reaching from micrograms or nanograms per liter (trace substances) to grams per liter (main component). Before water is directed into streams and rivers or drinking water in our homes, the quality must be controlled. This is ensured by specialists of analytical chemistry.
Water analysis deals with the questions: Which chemical substances the water contains and in what concentration do these compounds occur? Various devices are used to separate and detect these substances. These include gas and liquid chromatography as separation techniques and mass spectrometry as a detection technique.
Not only individual substances can be analyzed. Very commonly in water analysis are ‘total parameters’. For example, the total amount of carbon in water can be determined that way. This is the so-called TOC parameter (Total Organic Carbon).